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HistoGIS
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pandorfer , public
acdh:aclWrite
pandorfer
acdh:createdBy
pandorfer
acdh:hasAvailableDate
2021-02-22
acdh:hasContact
acdh:hasContributor
acdh:hasCoverageEndDate
1989-12-31
acdh:hasCoverageStartDate
1512-01-01
acdh:hasCreator
acdh:hasCurator
acdh:hasDepositor
acdh:hasDescription
A geodata collection on historical political/administrative units created and collected for the HistoGIS Project.
The region covered is Europe with a special focus on Central Europe / Austria(-Hungary) and German States, the temporal extent is from c. 1815 to c. 1919. National borders are available for the whole temporal extent and all of Europe, while lower level administrative borders (provinces, counties, etc.) are available for the focus areas.
Data is provided in GeoJSON format following the “The Linked Places format (LPF)” recommendations. The files contain geometries, timespans as well as additional attribute data. The data is structured along three axes: Geographical / political region, contemporary administrative level and time.
acdh:hasHosting
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acdh:hasLicenseSummary
Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) 1
acdh:hasLicensor
acdh:hasMetadataCreator
acdh:hasNumberOfItems
2648
acdh:hasOaiSet
acdh:hasOwner
acdh:hasPid
acdh:hasPrincipalInvestigator
acdh:hasRelatedDiscipline
acdh:hasRelatedProject
acdh:hasRightsHolder
acdh:hasSubject
GIS , historic administrative units
acdh:hasTitle
HistoGIS
acdh:hasUpdatedDate
2021-02-22T10:34:20.736849
acdh:hasUpdatedRole
pandorfer
rdf:type
acdh:hasIdentifier

Summary

info_outline Related Discipline(s): History, Archaeology
info_outline Subject(s): GIS , historic administrative units
info_outline Coverage Start Date: 1512
info_outline Coverage End Date: 1989
info_outline Description: A geodata collection on historical political/administrative units created and collected for the HistoGIS Project.
The region covered is Europe with a special focus on Central Europe / Austria(-Hungary) and German States, the temporal extent is from c. 1815 to c. 1919. National borders are available for the whole temporal extent and all of Europe, while lower level administrative borders (provinces, counties, etc.) are available for the focus areas.
Data is provided in GeoJSON format following the “The Linked Places format (LPF)” recommendations. The files contain geometries, timespans as well as additional attribute data. The data is structured along three axes: Geographical / political region, contemporary administrative level and time.

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Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 22 Feb 2021
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info The historical boundaries of this data set are mainly based on a map by Anton Floder from 1835 from the Woldan Collection. For this purpose the map sheets were first georeferenced and then manually vectorized. For some crown lands, additional georeferenced maps were used for the adjustment of the boundaries - see quotations below. Whereby some maps were only used for visual comparison and to coutnercheck the borders. The names of the circles and the capital cities were largely taken from the map of Floder.

In order to harmonize the data set with the HistoGIS data to a large extent, the boundaries were adapted to the already existing HistoGIS shapefile 'cisleithanien_adm4_districts_1868'.
To improve spatial accuracy, data provided by the © OpenStreetMap collaborative project (www.openstreetmap.org) was used as a basemap.

The starting date of the circles refers to the Congress of Vienna which took place from 18 September 1814 to 11 June 1815 (official end) (https://www.geschichtewiki.wien.gv.at/Wiener_Kongress_%281814/1815%29). The end date of the county division for this record dates back to the new political division from 1849. The Counties (Kreise) in this form existed roughly from 1748 until 1860 although there were some changes.

Remark: The reconstruction of some borders turned out to be very difficult due to a lack of additional information to the structure of the counties and the low spatial accuracy of the map bases. This applies, for example, to the eastern part of Galicia and parts of Transylvania.

Anna Piechl was responsible for data vectorization, consolidation and harmonization, and for data amendment and editing based on research by Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria.
Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria was responsible for historical investigation and validation, in particular for reviewing the created data sets and for research on administrative structures in the time period and on the dates of existence of the respective administrative units (time spans between formation and disintegration).
Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 22 Feb 2021
Show Summary Hide Summary
info The data set is based on an already existing HistoGIS data set 'austrian_empire_adm3_counties_1835' with its basis data provided by Peter Teibenbacher and his project "Der Erste Demografische Übergang in Österreich 1869-1937" (funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF), Project Number P 21157). The data set from 1835 was adopted and modified so that it corresponds to the counties of the period from 1850 - 1854. Moreover, data from the Census Mosaic Project (http://www.censusmosaic.org/) was used to add missing information to the attribute table. All counties were checked (in particular with regard to dates of existence) by means of historical legislative texts provided by the Austrian National Library, available online through ALEX: http://alex.onb.ac.at/. Other helpful sources were diploma theses on the territorial development of the former crown lands of the Habsburg Monarchy (see quoted below).

To improve spatial accuracy, data provided by the © OpenStreetMap collaborative project (www.openstreetmap.org) and georeferenced historical maps were used. The historical maps also served as sources of names.

The starting date of the circles dates back to the new political division from 1849. Ending dates come along with another political reform which took place in 1854. Although some district authorities were dissolved earlier. Start - and end dates refer to the listed laws.

Smaller crown lands were not divided into circles, in order to obtain a complete data set these are included in the data set. This affects the following crown lands: Kärnten, Krain, Schlesien, Bukowina, Salzburg, Österreich ob der Enns, Österreich unter der Enns, Dalmatien, Kroatien und Slawonien

Remark: The reconstruction of some borders turned out to be very difficult due to a lack of information and small scale maps. In case of doubt, the reconstructed border line refers to the cited historical map.

Only few sources are available for Hungary, the Hungarian crown lands and the military border, so there are no exact start and end dates. Legal texts could not be found. The borders are based on a map by Carl Flemming (Rumsey: Flemming, Ungarn, 1855).

Anna Piechl was responsible for data vectorization, consolidation and harmonization, and for data amendment and editing based on research by Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria and Norbert Czirjak.
Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria was responsible for historical investigation and validation, in particular for reviewing the created data sets and for research on administrative structures in the time period and on the dates of existence of the respective administrative units (time spans between formation and disintegration).
Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 22 Feb 2021
Show Summary Hide Summary
info The basis of this data set is build on a map of Austria from 1835 by Anton Floder available through Sammlung Woldan. To adapt the data set and to provide widely harmonized data, also for the following decades, other historical maps were used as well for cross checking the borders and for data amendment. Following maps were used for comparing and adjusting the data set:

Koenigreich Ungarn mit Kroazien, Slavonien, 1835 by Streit and Fischer (Rumsey Collection)
Böhmen, Mähren und Osterreichisch-Schlesie, 1905 by Andree and Scobel (Rumsey Collection)
Kärnthen, Krain, Görz-Gradisca, Istrien, Triest, 1855 by Flemming (Rumsey Collection)
Galizien, Ungarn und Nebenländer, 1868 by Kiepert (Rumsey Collection)
Das Koenigreich Galizien, 1832 by Geographisches Institut (Weimar), Weiland (Rumsey Collection)
Oesterreich, 1849 by Radefeld (Rumsey Collection)
Jaworzno - w granicach Rzecpospolitej Krakowskiej w latach, 1815-1846
In order to improve geometry accuracy also other available vector data sets were used and adapted, viz.: data provided by

the Mosaic Project, funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) (Project Number: P 21257, http://www.censusmosaic.org/) and
the © OpenStreetMap collaborative project (www.openstreetmap.org).
Anna Piechl was responsible for reviewing the existing, provided data sets, for data consolidation and harmonization, and for data editing based on research by Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria. Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria was responsible for historical investigation and validation, in particular for reviewing the created data sets, for data harmonization and for research on administrative structures in the time period and on the dates of existence of the respective administrative units (time spans between formation and disintegration).
Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 22 Feb 2021
Show Summary Hide Summary
info The basis of this data set is build on a map of Austria from 1835 by Anton Floder available through Sammlung Woldan. To adapt the data set and to provide widely harmonized data, also for the following decades, other historical maps were used as well for cross checking the borders and for data amendment. Following maps were used for comparing and adjusting the data set:

Koenigreich Ungarn mit Kroazien, Slavonien, 1835 by Streit and Fischer (Rumsey Collection)
Böhmen, Mähren und Osterreichisch-Schlesie, 1905 by Andree and Scobel (Rumsey Collection)
Kärnthen, Krain, Görz-Gradisca, Istrien, Triest, 1855 by Flemming (Rumsey Collection)
Galizien, Ungarn und Nebenländer, 1868 by Kiepert (Rumsey Collection)
Das Koenigreich Galizien, 1832 by Geographisches Institut (Weimar), Weiland (Rumsey Collection)
Oesterreich, 1849 by Radefeld (Rumsey Collection)
Jaworzno - w granicach Rzecpospolitej Krakowskiej w latach, 1815-1846
In order to improve geometry accuracy also other available vector data sets were used and adapted, viz.: data provided by

the Mosaic Project, funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) (Project Number: P 21257, http://www.censusmosaic.org/) and
the © OpenStreetMap collaborative project (www.openstreetmap.org).
Anna Piechl was responsible for reviewing the existing, provided data sets, for data consolidation and harmonization, and for data editing based on research by Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria. Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria was responsible for historical investigation and validation, in particular for reviewing the created data sets, for data harmonization and for research on administrative structures in the time period and on the dates of existence of the respective administrative units (time spans between formation and disintegration).
Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 22 Feb 2021
Show Summary Hide Summary
info The basis of this data set is build on a map of Austria from 1835 by Anton Floder available through Sammlung Woldan. To adapt the data set and to provide widely harmonized data, also for the following decades, other historical maps were used as well for cross checking the borders and for data amendment. Following maps were used for comparing and adjusting the data set:

Koenigreich Ungarn mit Kroazien, Slavonien, 1835 by Streit and Fischer (Rumsey Collection)
Böhmen, Mähren und Osterreichisch-Schlesie, 1905 by Andree and Scobel (Rumsey Collection)
Kärnthen, Krain, Görz-Gradisca, Istrien, Triest, 1855 by Flemming (Rumsey Collection)
Galizien, Ungarn und Nebenländer, 1868 by Kiepert (Rumsey Collection)
Das Koenigreich Galizien, 1832 by Geographisches Institut (Weimar), Weiland (Rumsey Collection)
Oesterreich, 1849 by Radefeld (Rumsey Collection)
Jaworzno - w granicach Rzecpospolitej Krakowskiej w latach, 1815-1846
In order to improve geometry accuracy also other available vector data sets were used and adapted, viz.: data provided by

the Mosaic Project, funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) (Project Number: P 21257, http://www.censusmosaic.org/) and
the © OpenStreetMap collaborative project (www.openstreetmap.org).
Anna Piechl was responsible for reviewing the existing, provided data sets, for data consolidation and harmonization, and for data editing based on research by Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria. Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria was responsible for historical investigation and validation, in particular for reviewing the created data sets, for data harmonization and for research on administrative structures in the time period and on the dates of existence of the respective administrative units (time spans between formation and disintegration).
Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 22 Feb 2021
Show Summary Hide Summary
info The basis of this data set is build on a map of Austria from 1835 by Anton Floder available through Sammlung Woldan. To adapt the data set and to provide widely harmonized data, also for the following decades, other historical maps were used as well for cross checking the borders and for data amendment. Following maps were used for comparing and adjusting the data set:

Koenigreich Ungarn mit Kroazien, Slavonien, 1835 by Streit and Fischer (Rumsey Collection)
Böhmen, Mähren und Osterreichisch-Schlesie, 1905 by Andree and Scobel (Rumsey Collection)
Kärnthen, Krain, Görz-Gradisca, Istrien, Triest, 1855 by Flemming (Rumsey Collection)
Galizien, Ungarn und Nebenländer, 1868 by Kiepert (Rumsey Collection)
Das Koenigreich Galizien, 1832 by Geographisches Institut (Weimar), Weiland (Rumsey Collection)
Oesterreich, 1849 by Radefeld (Rumsey Collection)
Jaworzno - w granicach Rzecpospolitej Krakowskiej w latach, 1815-1846
Die Herzogthumer Steiermark, Karnten, Krain, 1866, Geographisches Institut (Weimar)
Ungarn, Galizien, 1855, by Kiepert (Rumsey Collection)
Oesterreich, 1856 by Czoernig (Woldan Collection)
In order to improve geometry accuracy also other available vector data sets were used and adapted, viz.: data provided by

the Mosaic Project, funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) (Project Number: P 21257, http://www.censusmosaic.org/) and
the © OpenStreetMap collaborative project (www.openstreetmap.org).
Anna Piechl was responsible for reviewing the existing, provided data sets, for data consolidation and harmonization, and for data editing based on research by Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria. Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria was responsible for historical investigation and validation, in particular for reviewing the created data sets, for data harmonization and for research on administrative structures in the time period and on the dates of existence of the respective administrative units (time spans between formation and disintegration).
Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 22 Feb 2021
Show Summary Hide Summary
info The basis of this data set is build on a map of Austria from 1835 by Anton Floder available through Sammlung Woldan. To adapt the data set and to provide widely harmonized data, also for the following decades, other historical maps were used as well for cross checking the borders and for data amendment. Following maps were used for comparing and adjusting the data set:

Koenigreich Ungarn mit Kroazien, Slavonien, 1835 by Streit and Fischer (Rumsey Collection)
Böhmen, Mähren und Osterreichisch-Schlesie, 1905 by Andree and Scobel (Rumsey Collection)
Kärnthen, Krain, Görz-Gradisca, Istrien, Triest, 1855 by Flemming (Rumsey Collection)
Galizien, Ungarn und Nebenländer, 1868 by Kiepert (Rumsey Collection)
Das Koenigreich Galizien, 1832 by Geographisches Institut (Weimar), Weiland (Rumsey Collection)
Oesterreich, 1849 by Radefeld (Rumsey Collection)
Jaworzno - w granicach Rzecpospolitej Krakowskiej w latach, 1815-1846
Die Herzogthumer Steiermark, Karnten, Krain, 1866, Geographisches Institut (Weimar)
Ungarn, Galizien, 1855, by Kiepert (Rumsey Collection)
Oesterreich, 1856 by Czoernig (Woldan Collection)
In order to improve geometry accuracy also other available vector data sets were used and adapted, viz.: data provided by

the Mosaic Project, funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) (Project Number: P 21257, http://www.censusmosaic.org/) and
the © OpenStreetMap collaborative project (www.openstreetmap.org).
Anna Piechl was responsible for reviewing the existing, provided data sets, for data consolidation and harmonization, and for data editing based on research by Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria. Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria was responsible for historical investigation and validation, in particular for reviewing the created data sets, for data harmonization and for research on administrative structures in the time period and on the dates of existence of the respective administrative units (time spans between formation and disintegration).
Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 22 Feb 2021
Show Summary Hide Summary
info The basis of this data set is build on a map of Austria from 1835 by Anton Floder available through Sammlung Woldan. To adapt the data set and to provide widely harmonized data, also for the following decades, other historical maps were used as well for cross checking the borders and for data amendment. Following maps were used for comparing and adjusting the data set:

Koenigreich Ungarn mit Kroazien, Slavonien, 1835 by Streit and Fischer (Rumsey Collection)
Böhmen, Mähren und Osterreichisch-Schlesie, 1905 by Andree and Scobel (Rumsey Collection)
Kärnthen, Krain, Görz-Gradisca, Istrien, Triest, 1855 by Flemming (Rumsey Collection)
Galizien, Ungarn und Nebenländer, 1868 by Kiepert (Rumsey Collection)
Das Koenigreich Galizien, 1832 by Geographisches Institut (Weimar), Weiland (Rumsey Collection)
Oesterreich, 1849 by Radefeld (Rumsey Collection)
Jaworzno - w granicach Rzecpospolitej Krakowskiej w latach, 1815-1846
Die Herzogthumer Steiermark, Karnten, Krain, 1866, Geographisches Institut (Weimar)
Ungarn, Galizien, 1855, by Kiepert (Rumsey Collection)
Oesterreich, 1856 by Czoernig (Woldan Collection)
In order to improve geometry accuracy also other available vector data sets were used and adapted, viz.: data provided by

the Mosaic Project, funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) (Project Number: P 21257, http://www.censusmosaic.org/) and
the © OpenStreetMap collaborative project (www.openstreetmap.org).
Anna Piechl was responsible for reviewing the existing, provided data sets, for data consolidation and harmonization, and for data editing based on research by Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria. Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria was responsible for historical investigation and validation, in particular for reviewing the created data sets, for data harmonization and for research on administrative structures in the time period and on the dates of existence of the respective administrative units (time spans between formation and disintegration).
Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 22 Feb 2021
Show Summary Hide Summary
info The basis of this data set is build on a map of Austria from 1835 by Anton Floder available through Sammlung Woldan. To adapt the data set and to provide widely harmonized data, also for the following decades, other historical maps were used as well for cross checking the borders and for data amendment. Following maps were used for comparing and adjusting the data set:

Koenigreich Ungarn mit Kroazien, Slavonien, 1835 by Streit and Fischer (Rumsey Collection)
Böhmen, Mähren und Osterreichisch-Schlesie, 1905 by Andree and Scobel (Rumsey Collection)
Kärnthen, Krain, Görz-Gradisca, Istrien, Triest, 1855 by Flemming (Rumsey Collection)
Galizien, Ungarn und Nebenländer, 1868 by Kiepert (Rumsey Collection)
Das Koenigreich Galizien, 1832 by Geographisches Institut (Weimar), Weiland (Rumsey Collection)
Oesterreich, 1849 by Radefeld (Rumsey Collection)
Jaworzno - w granicach Rzecpospolitej Krakowskiej w latach, 1815-1846
Die Herzogthumer Steiermark, Karnten, Krain, 1866, Geographisches Institut (Weimar)
Ungarn, Galizien, 1855, by Kiepert (Rumsey Collection)
Oesterreich, 1856 by Czoernig (Woldan Collection)
In order to improve geometry accuracy also other available vector data sets were used and adapted, viz.: data provided by

the Mosaic Project, funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) (Project Number: P 21257, http://www.censusmosaic.org/) and
the © OpenStreetMap collaborative project (www.openstreetmap.org).
Anna Piechl was responsible for reviewing the existing, provided data sets, for data consolidation and harmonization, and for data editing based on research by Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria. Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria was responsible for historical investigation and validation, in particular for reviewing the created data sets, for data harmonization and for research on administrative structures in the time period and on the dates of existence of the respective administrative units (time spans between formation and disintegration).
Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 22 Feb 2021
Show Summary Hide Summary
info The basis of this data set is build on a map of Austria from 1835 by Anton Floder available through Sammlung Woldan. To adapt the data set and to provide widely harmonized data, also for the following decades, other historical maps were used as well for cross checking the borders and for data amendment. Following maps were used for comparing and adjusting the data set:

Koenigreich Ungarn mit Kroazien, Slavonien, 1835 by Streit and Fischer (Rumsey Collection)
Böhmen, Mähren und Osterreichisch-Schlesie, 1905 by Andree and Scobel (Rumsey Collection)
Kärnthen, Krain, Görz-Gradisca, Istrien, Triest, 1855 by Flemming (Rumsey Collection)
Galizien, Ungarn und Nebenländer, 1868 by Kiepert (Rumsey Collection)
Das Koenigreich Galizien, 1832 by Geographisches Institut (Weimar), Weiland (Rumsey Collection)
Oesterreich, 1849 by Radefeld (Rumsey Collection)
Jaworzno - w granicach Rzecpospolitej Krakowskiej w latach, 1815-1846
Die Herzogthumer Steiermark, Karnten, Krain, 1866, Geographisches Institut (Weimar)
Ungarn, Galizien, 1855, by Kiepert (Rumsey Collection)
Oesterreich, 1856 by Czoernig (Woldan Collection)
In order to improve geometry accuracy also other available vector data sets were used and adapted, viz.: data provided by

the Mosaic Project, funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) (Project Number: P 21257, http://www.censusmosaic.org/) and
the © OpenStreetMap collaborative project (www.openstreetmap.org).
Anna Piechl was responsible for reviewing the existing, provided data sets, for data consolidation and harmonization, and for data editing based on research by Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria. Peter Paul Marckhgott-Sanabria was responsible for historical investigation and validation, in particular for reviewing the created data sets, for data harmonization and for research on administrative structures in the time period and on the dates of existence of the respective administrative units (time spans between formation and disintegration).
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