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Type: acdh:TopCollection
today Available Date: 7 May 2024
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info A collection of elicited messages for the pragmatic analysis of cancellations in cross-cultural comparison gathered within DisDir project (2015-31.3.2024). Involved Languages: Austrian German; English L1/L2; French; Italian; Iberian Portuguese; Iberian, Colombian, Ecuadorian, Mexican Spanish.
Data was collected between 2018 and 2023 using a discourse completion task (DCT).
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info A collection of elicited e-mails and instant messages (written and oral) for the pragmatic analysis of requests, cancellations, apologies and other speech acts collected within the LADDER project (2019-31.3.2024).
Data was collected between April 2020 and December 2023 using a discourse completion task (DCT). The data comprises of e-mails, instant messages, and oral messages. The informants include German learners of Italian between A2-C1 level according to the CEFR, most of whom are students living in Tyrol (Austria), native speakers of Italian, most of whom are students from Rome (Italy), and non-native speakers of Italian accessing the Exam CertIt for the B1 level in Italian. The data of Austrian learners were largely collected by students of the undergraduate seminar Insegnare la pragmatica at the Institute of Didactics of the University of Innsbruck, under the guidance of Dr. Nicola Brocca. The data of native speakers were largely collected from students of foreign languages at the University RomaTre, in collaboration with Prof. Elena Nuzzo.
The DCTs have been conducted with online questionnaires. Along with the texts, metadata were also registered with the help of an online questionnaire giving sociolinguistic information about the informant (age, self-assessed language level, place of residence, native language, etc.). The DCTs aim to elicit linguistic acts of request and refusal in increasing levels of social distance and different media (Taguchi & Roever, 2017, pp. 85, 231). The DCTs elicit different speech acts (requests and refusals) with different degrees of formality (study/work or free time), directed at different people (lecturer, friend, boss) and in different media (mail or instant messaging). The scenarios represent authentic circumstances for the students. The instrument is descripted in the READ_ME text files.
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info Digitale Edition der 10 Auflagen (1854–1902) von Eduard Hanslicks Traktat „Vom Musikalisch-Schönen. Ein Beitrag zur Revision der Ästhetik der Tonkunst“, der sich mit dem Wesen der Musik, dem Verhältnis von Musik und Gefühl, aber auch der psychologischen und physiologischen Verarbeitung von Musik im Hörer befasst. Die 10 Auflagen wurden als XML/TEI-Dateien ediert und die Möglichkeit eines automatischen Auflagenvergleichs implementiert. Sie enthalten den Traktat selbst, annotierte Entitäten (Personen, Werke, Orte) und werden durch Faksimiles im TIF-Format ergänzt.
Type: acdh:TopCollection
today Available Date: 28 Apr 2023
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info Rechnungsbücher über Mauteinnahmen wie die bekannten Sundzollregister stellen erstrangige Quellen zur Erforschung des Handels in der Frühen Neuzeit dar. Für die österreichischen Länder nehmen die im Oberösterreichischen Landesarchiv (Linz), Depot Harrach, überlieferten Aschacher Mautprotokolle eine überragende Stellung ein. Seit 2013 werden die erhaltenen Mautprotokolle für den Zeitraum von 1706 bis 1740 bearbeitet. Die Bände wurden vollständig digitalisiert und deren Inhalte systematisch in einer Datenbank erfasst. Diese Daten wurden anschließend in das für die Langzeitarchvierung geeignete XML/TEI Format konvertiert und in dieser Collection abgelegt. Ergänzt werden diese Daten durch ebenfalls in XML/TEI kodierte Personen- und Ortsregister.
Type: acdh:TopCollection
today Available Date: 28 Mar 2023
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info Data on publication and field projects in Carnuntum - research from 2004 to 2021.

The data collection includes materials on six archaeological research projects in Carnuntum that were carried out between 2004 and 2021:
* GIS-analytical research on Roman land surveying in the Carnuntum area.
* Final evaluation of the excavations 1968-1977 in the Carnuntum legionary camp.
* Aerial archaeological studies of the camp suburb (canabae legionis) in Carnuntum.
* Geophysical measurements and their archaeological interpretation in Carnuntum.
* Systematic field surveys (grid survey) in the area of the canabae legionis.
* Archaeological research in the area of the suburbs of the Carnuntum civil city.

One of the basic prerequisites for the organisation and use of the urban hinterland in antiquity - as today - was the systematic surveying, mapping and recording of land ownership. The relics of Roman land surveying (limitation, centuriation) have been amazingly well preserved in today`s landscape, especially in the countries bordering the Mediterranean, so that in many places it has been possible to reconstruct Roman limitation on the basis of today`s land boundaries.
In 1976/1977, Manfred Kandler recognised in the surrounding area of the legionary camp and the Roman town of Carnuntum (Lower Austria) that the longitudinal axis of the oldest legionary camp is aligned with a large part of the parcel boundaries in the municipality of Bad Deutsch-Altenburg. Kandler attributed the connection between the orientation of the current parcel boundaries and the orientation of the camp to the Roman limitation of the area.
The main aim of the present study was to verify these connections with reference to Kandler`s hypotheses. A prerequisite for this was the definition of the ancient road and survey axes, whereby, due to problems of positional accuracy, less reliance was placed on the results of the (old) excavations than on remote sensing data (colour and B/W orthophotos). An interpretation of vegetation features showed that remnants of Roman roads in the Carnuntum area have partly been preserved in today`s traffic route network.
The vectorisation of the old cadastre (Franziszeischer Kataster 1819) carried out for the municipal area of Deutsch-Altenburg enabled a comparison with the parcel alignments on the current digital cadastral map (DKM). In order to be able to describe the parcel alignments with adequate statistical measures, methods used primarily in the environmental and earth sciences were adapted. The circular statistics methods intended for orientation data are used especially in photogeology for the evaluation of tectonic fault lines (lineaments, lineations). In Carnuntum, a visualisation of circular position and scatter parameters could be carried out, which allowed a spatially differentiated interpretation of the attribute expressions. This could be supported with graphical representations such as circular histograms and directional roses.
On the basis of the current DKM, a classification and visualisation of the plot alignments was carried out, which allowed a quantifying comparison with Kandler`s model. The settlement features in the canabae legionis immediately around the camp were visualised in a comparable way. The postulated centuriation system apparently did not play a role in the urban planning of the camp city, for here there is a significantly higher proportion of building lines aligned with other (more recent?) survey lines. This also applies to the civil town of Carnuntum.
Going beyond Kandler`s explanations, an attempt was made to reconstruct the limitation system. For this purpose, six models were defined, which differed in the choice of centuria side length (703 or 710 m), the location of the starting point of the ancient survey, and in the form of minor axis deviations. After buffering based on the survey axes and with the help of vector intersection functions, the proportions of model-compliant lineaments could be compared.
Publication: C. Gugl – R. Kastler (Hrsg.), Legionslager Carnuntum: Ausgrabungen 1968-1977, Der römische Limes in Österreich 45 (Wien 2007).
Content of the data collection: The data collection includes a PDF version of the publication.

Between 1968 and 1977, the former Limes Commission of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, in cooperation with the Austrian Archaeological Institute, carried out excavations at the Carnuntum legionary camp (Bad Deutsch-Altenburg, Lower Austria). The Carnuntum legionary camp is of particular importance among the Roman military installations along the Danube Limes, as the construction history of the Carnuntum camp spans a period from the beginning of the Upper Pannonian Limes in late Tiberian-Claudian times to its end in the 5th century.
The first part of the work comprises the transparent presentation and analysis of the complex building sequence in the eastern praetentura, in which the main lines of development of the Carnuntum legionary camp can be discerned. A second focus was on the find material, whereby the aim was not to produce another overall find template, but to produce a question-specific template of stratified find contexts and selected material genres. This not only served to provide a solid basis for the chronological classification of the seven building periods, but also to shed light on further cultural-historical questions, such as the subsequent use of the camp area in the 9th/10th century and the related problems of settlement continuity from Late Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages.
Publication: C. Gugl - R. Kastler (eds.), Legionslager Carnuntum: Ausgrabungen 1968-1977, Der römische Limes in Österreich 45 (Vienna 2007).
Contents of the data collection: The data collection includes a PDF version of the publication.

Based on decades of systematic aerial archaeological work, a first overall plan of a Roman camp suburb (canabae legionis) could be drawn up. The air photo interpretation of the Carnuntum canabae legionis area carried out at the University of Vienna (Institute for Prehistory and Early History, Aerial Photo Archive) included the available excavation findings. This made it possible to discuss overarching questions about the settlement type "Roman camp suburb", which include the street system, building structures, economic facilities, sanctuaries and burial grounds. The aerial archaeological interpretation in Carnuntum shows in all clarity what can be achieved with this method alone. The detailed plans give for the first time a good idea of the size and structure of this type of settlement. They form a welcome basis for all further archaeological and monument conservation work in this area.
Publication: M. Doneus - C. Gugl - N. Doneus, Die Canabae von Carnuntum: Eine Modellstudie der Erforschung römischer Lagervorstädte. Von der Luftbildprospektion zur siedlungsarchäologischen Synthese, Der römische Limes in Österreich 47 (Vienna 2013), <http://e-book.fwf.ac.at/o:359>.
Contents of the data collection: The data collection includes the illustrations, plates, supplements and tables prepared for the publication.

The open, unspoilt landscape in and around Carnuntum offers ideal conditions for large-scale archaeological prospections, which have been carried out here over the last two decades. As part of a cooperation project between the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological Prospection and Virtual Archaeology (LBI ArchPro), the Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics (ZAMG), the province of Lower Austria (Museum Carnuntinum) and the Austrian Academy of Sciences, the Institute for the Cultural History of Antiquity participated in the evaluation of the overall geophysical and aerial archaeological surveys in Carnuntum, which ran between 2012 and 2015. In the three years of the project from 2012-2015, all accessible areas in the Carnuntum region were geophysically prospected. In the end, an area of about 7.5 km² was investigated with magnetics and about 2.35 km² with ground penetrating radar. This is one of the largest archaeological prospection projects in the Roman world.
Content of the data collection: The data stored in the folder "2018-04-09_LBI-ArchPro_RESTRICTED" comprises the visualisations (georeferenced greyscale images) of the magnetic and ground penetrating radar measurements made in the course of the project (status of the processing of the measurement data: 2015). Also included is an archaeological interpretation of the measurement data in the form of GIS vector data (status: 2015).

The Carnuntum canabae legionis occupy a special position among Roman camp suburbs. Thanks to the intensified aerial archaeological evaluation in the area of the present-day municipalities of Petronell and Bad Deutsch-Altenburg (Lower Austria) from the 1990s onwards, a complete canabae plan was already available, which can be classified as singular among the Roman camp suburbs in terms of its richness of detail. In Volume I, the aerial archaeological mapping of the vegetation features was brought together with the known building features and interpreted. The discussion of settlement development, however, had to be limited to the excavations, most of which were only published in preliminary reports, to published graves and to single finds that could be localised and offered only selective information. With a large-scale surface survey (line walking), which was carried out in 2009 and 2010, it was possible to obtain further indications for the settlement expansion, for the settlement chronology and for the use of settlement zones in the Carnuntum camp suburb.
Publication: C. Gugl - S. Radbauer - M. Kronberger, Die Canabae von Carnuntum II: Archäologische und GIS-analytische Auswertung der Oberflächensurveys 2009-2010, Der römische Limes in Österreich 48 (Vienna 2015), <http://e-book.fwf.ac.at/o:609>.
Contents of the data collection: The data collection includes the figures and tables prepared for the publication.

The so-called Carnuntum civil town in the area of the present-day village of Petronell has many of the features that are characteristic of a Roman town complex. The settlement is bordered by a city wall, the course of which on the east, south and west sides is now well known through excavations and archaeological prospection. Outside the city, extensive suburbs developed along the arterial roads, which were neglected by researchers for a long time. A research project carried out between 2017 and 2021 with financial support from the province of Lower Austria was dedicated to two of these suburban areas: the western suburb in the Gstettenbreite area ("Westvicus") and the eastern suburb in the area north of the Auxiliary Fort (Petronell-Ost). The latter already lies at the interface between the civilian town (municipium Aelium or colonia Septimia) and the camp suburb (canabae legionis) in the municipal area of Bad Deutsch-Altenburg.
In these suburban zones, questions about the public infrastructure (course of roads, water supply) as well as general settlement morphological questions, such as the transition from the cemeteries to the settlement, can be investigated particularly well. Through a combined evaluation of prospection data and excavation results from the suburban areas, new insights were gained here into the development of Carnuntum, especially during the Roman Imperial period.
In the course of the project, a number of different archaeological sources - features and finds from older and more recent excavations and from emergency excavations, as well as the results of prospection projects - were evaluated:
* Emergency excavations and finds recoveries in 1976 and 1985 on the Gstettenbreite,
* Geophysical measurements 2012-2015 of the ArchPro Carnuntum project (cf. above: 2012-2015_ArchProCarnuntum),
* Excavations 2016 on the eastern outskirts of Petronell (Limesgasse),
* Surface survey 2017 on the Gstettenbreite,
* Excavations 2017 in the west of the Gstettenbreite fields.
C. Gugl – S. Radbauer – M. Wallner, Archäologische Prospektion 2012–2017 in der Flur Gstettenbreite – ein Beitrag zur Entwicklung vorstädtischer Siedlungszonen in Carnuntum, Carnuntum Jahrbuch 2018, 2019, 47–85.
C. Gugl – F. Humer – S. Radbauer – N. Schindel – M. Wallner – H. Zabehlicky, Archäologische Prospektion und Ausgrabungen in der Flur Gstettenbreite: Gräber und Straßenverläufe im westlichen Vorfeld der Carnuntiner Zivilstadt, Carnuntum Jahrbuch 2019, 2020, 11–53.
C. Gugl – S. Radbauer – M. Wallner – F. Humer – E. Pollhammer – W. Neubauer, Vor den Toren der Stadt – Struktur und Entwicklung des westlichen Suburbiums der Carnuntiner Zivilstadt. Neubewertung der Notgrabung 1976 aufgrund der geophysikalischen Messungen 2012–2015, Carnuntum Jahrbuch 2020, 2021, 37–84.
C. Gugl – S. Radbauer – I. Gaisbauer – M. Wallner, Mittelalterliche und frühneuzeitliche Befunde und Funde von der Flur Gstettenbreite: Evidenz für nachantike Siedlungstätigkeiten am westlichen Ortsrand von Petronell-Carnuntum, Carnuntum Jahrbuch 2020, 2021, 85–106.
Contents of the data collection: The data collection includes the illustrations and tables prepared for the publications. It also contains the finds database, a selection of GIS data as well as photos and drawings (scans) of the documented artefacts.
Type: acdh:TopCollection
today Available Date: 3 Feb 2023
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info This collection contains TEI-XML descriptions of roughly 800 items kept in the archives and library of Melk Abbey (AT) as well as about 50.000 image files of those documents. These items - letters, manuscripts, copies, notes - document the scholarly work of the two Benedictine historians Bernhard (+1735) and Hieronymus (+1762) Pez.
Type: acdh:TopCollection
today Available Date: 23 Dec 2022
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info Wienerisches DIGITARIUM is a digital collection of more than 300 transcribed full text issues of the “Wien[n]erisches Diarium”, a historical newspaper that was founded in Vienna in 1703 and is still published under the title “Wiener Zeitung”. The issues provided as facsimiles and in XML/TEI P5 including different layers of annotation are evenly distributed over the 18th century and offer a reliable basis for a wide range of research interests.
The collection was created within the project “Das Wien[n]erische Diarium: Digitaler Datenschatz für die geisteswissenschaftlichen Disziplinen“ (PI: Claudia Resch) which was funded by the “go!digital2.0” program of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and carried out at the Austrian Centre for Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage (ACDH-CH) from 1 March 2017 to 29 February 2020 (Project-Nr. GD 2016/16, ÖAW 0704).
Type: acdh:TopCollection
today Available Date: 29 Nov 2022
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info The Tell el-Daba Documentation Archive is a digital archive for resources from the Austrian long-term fieldwork project in Tell el-Daba, Egypt. The archive was created within the framework of the project `A Puzzle in 4D´ (Austrian Fund for Research, Technology & Development (DH 2014/12)), in which the documentation materials available at the Institute for Oriental and European Archaeology (OREA) at the Austrian Academy of Sceinces (ÖAW) were prepared for digital archiving. Further documentation is available at the Austrian Archaeological Institute (ÖAI) in Cairo and at the ÖAI in Vienna. The archive forms the basis for the archiving of further documents, which will result from future projects.
The excavations in Tell el-Daba, Egypt, from 1966 to today (with a brief break due to the Arab-Israeli war of 1970-1975) were carried out by the ÖAI under the direction of Manfred Bietak and his successor Irene Forstner-Müller. Field investigations took place in nine different areas, which revealed a continuous stratigraphy from the early Middle Kingdom to the New Kingdom (around 1980/70 - 1410 BC).

The Tell el-Daba archive consists of four parts:
• AboutThisArchive_Archivinformation_E73
Contains documents with instructions for how to use the archive, as well as documentation material from the creation of the archive. It also includes instructions for datamanagement for future projects on Tell el-Daba.

• PhysicalFeature_Befunde_S20
Contains documents on the archaeological evidence (‘archaeological objects’), arranged according to areas A-I to R-I, and with one folder containing documents on several areas. Documents include protocols and databases, drawings and maps, documentation of surveys, prospection and analysis.

• MobileObjects_Funde_E19
This folder contains documents about the finds (inventory books, find sheets, databases, tables, fotos, drawings, wall paintings, analysis).

• OtherDocuments_AndereDokumente_E73
This folder contains further documents (digital library, excavation logistics) and photo collections on various topics and photo collections which contain information on both, archaeological objects and finds.
Type: acdh:TopCollection
today Available Date: 19 Aug 2022
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info The Digitizing Early Farming Cultures (DEFC) collection includes data gathered within the identically named project that ran between 2014 and 2017 at the former Institute for Oriental and European Archaeology (OREA) in close collaboration with the Austrian Centre for Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage (ACDH-CH) at the Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW).

The project focused on data about Neolithic sites and finds from Greece and Anatolia, most resulting from projects of the Aegean Anatolian Prehistoric Phenomena (AAPP) research group (at OREA). The aim of the project was to enable research across the whole region and to overcome the issue of fragmentation of knowledge through differing terminology, chronologies, and typologies whilst complying with standards of data interoperability and data sharing. To achieve this, an online Django-based database was created – the DEFC App. The DEFC collection in ARCHE contains data of the DEFC app (an SQL database dump, 3D models with provenance metadata, CIDOC CRM mappings, maps and chronological tables, the project thesaurus and the bibliography) as well as DEFC project documentation (workflow description and reports).

The SQL database includes data from the following publications (data entry in 2016 and 2017 by M. Brzakovic, Th. Rinner, D. Bochatz, Sh. Schilk):
ALRAM-STERN, E., 2014. Times of Change: Greece and the Aegean during the 4th Millennium BC, in: B. Horejs, M. Mehofer (ed.), Western Anatolia before Troy. Proto-Urbanisation in the 4th Millennium BC. Proceedings of the International Symposium, KHM, Vienna, Austria, 21-24 November 2012 (ÖAW Verlag, Vienna), pp. 305-338.
ALRAM-STERN, E., 1996. Die Ägäische Frühzeit. Band 1: Das Neolithikum in Griechenland. Veröffentlichungen der Mykenischen Kommission 16.
ALRAM-STERN, E., unpublished. Die Ägäische Frühzeit. Band 2: Ägäische Frühzeit: Das Neolithische Und Vorpalatiale Kreta.
GALLIS, K., 1992. Atlas Proistorikón Oikismón Tés Anatolikés Thessalikés Pediada.
MEHOFER, M. 2014. Metallurgy during the Chalcolithic and the Beginning of the Early Bronze Age in Western Anatolia, in: B. Horejs, M. Mehofer (ed.), Western Anatolia before Troy. Proto-Urbanisation in the 4th Millennium BC. Proceedings of the International Symposium, KHM, Vienna, Austria, 21-24 November 2012 (ÖAW Verlag, Vienna), pp. 463-490.
ÖZDOĞAN, M.; BAŞGELEN, N.; KUNIHOLM, P. (ed.), The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Volume 1 - The Tigris Basin, 2011, Istanbul.
ÖZDOĞAN, M.; BAŞGELEN, N.; KUNIHOLM, P. (ed.), The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Volume 2 - The Euphrates Basin, 2011, Istanbul.
ÖZDOĞAN, M.; BAŞGELEN, N.; KUNIHOLM, P. (ed.), The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Volume 3 – Central Turkey, 2012, Istanbul.
ÖZDOĞAN, M.; BAŞGELEN, N.; KUNIHOLM, P. (ed.), The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Volume 4 – Western Turkey, 2012, Istanbul.
SCHACHERMEYR, F. (†), 1991. Sammlung Fritz Schachermeyr: Die neolithische Keramik Thessaliens. Aus dem Nachlass bearbeitet von Eva Alram-Stern. Veröffentlichungen der Mykenischen Kommission 13.
SCHWALL, Ch, 2016. Çukuriçi Höyük 2. Das 5. und 4. Jahrtausend v. Chr. in Westanatolien und der Ostägäis. PhD thesis.
Additionally, 3D models of 90 representative sherds from the Schachermeyr pottery collection were 3D digitised with a Breuckmann smart Scan. The 3D models and their metadata were linked to the database and integrated into the DEFC homepage using 3DHOP (see the publication list).

Creating the DEFC app, the following data standards and tools were used:
Django framework was used to create the database itself, source code available at https://github.com/acdh-oeaw/defc-app
The database has been mapped to the CIDOC CRM, and the SPARQL query was made available on the DEFC app homepage. The mapping, documentation and exported RDFs are available in this collection.
The thesaurus was mapped to SKOS and is available in this collection and at https://vocabs.acdh.oeaw.ac.at/defc_thesaurus
Geolocations of archaeological sites were linked to Geonames (http://www.geonames.org)
Bibliographic units were entered in a Zotero database. The bibliography is available in this collection and at https://www.zotero.org/defc-orea-oeaw
Chronological periods were entered into the PeriodO gazetteer of period definitions (DEFC Collection available at http://n2t.net/ark:/99152/p0qv6m8).

The Digitizing Early Farming Cultures (DEFC) project was a project of the first generation of the Austrian go! digital projects (ACDH 2014/22). It received additional funding from the EU infrastructure project ARIADNE (FP7-INFRASTRUCTURES-2012-1-313193).
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info Paul Kretschmer (1866-1956), Professor für vergleichende Sprachwissenschaften an der Universität Wien, reiste zwischen 5. August und Ende Oktober 1901 auf die griechische Insel Lesbos um Dialektforschungen durchzuführen. Ausgestattet mit einem Phonographen der Vorgängerinstitution des heutigen Phonogrammarchivs erstellte er Tonaufnahmen griechischer Lieder, fertigte zahlreiche Fotografien an und führte Tagebuch. Neben 131 Fotografien finden sich mehrere Tagebücher dieser Reise in Kretschmers Nachlass an der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB), die Tonaufnahmen werden im Phonogrammarchiv (PhA) der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (ÖAW) verwahrt.

Im Zuge des Forschungsprojekts „Paul Kretschmer und seine Reise von Wien nach Lesbos (Griechenland) 1901. Kontextualisierung und Restudy.“, wurden sowohl Vorder- als auch Rückseiten der 131 Fotoaufnahmen im TIFF-Format digitalisiert und von 57 Tagebuchseiten, die mit den Fotografien oder Tonaufnahmen in Beziehung stehen, Scans im JPG-Format angefertigt. Aufbauend auf Kretschmers Tondokumenten entstanden am Phonogrammarchiv drei Videos mit Untertiteln im MKV-Format. Insgesamt umfasst diese Sammlung 262 Faksimiles der fotografischen Objekte, 57 Faksimiles ausgewählter Tagebuchseiten und drei Videos.
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