A Resource Centre for Humanities Related Research in Austria
ARCHE (A Resource Centre for the HumanitiEs) is a service aimed at offering stable and persistent hosting as well as dissemination of digital research data and resources for the Austrian humanities community. ARCHE welcomes data from all humanities fields. More...
The collection was created within the project “Das Wien[n]erische Diarium: Digitaler Datenschatz für die geisteswissenschaftlichen Disziplinen“ (PI: Claudia Resch) which was funded by the “go!digital2.0” program of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and carried out at the Austrian Centre for Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage (ACDH-CH) from 1 March 2017 to 29 February 2020 (Project-Nr. GD 2016/16, ÖAW 0704).
The excavations in Tell el-Daba, Egypt, from 1966 to today (with a brief break due to the Arab-Israeli war of 1970-1975) were carried out by the ÖAI under the direction of Manfred Bietak and his successor Irene Forstner-Müller. Field investigations took place in nine different areas, which revealed a continuous stratigraphy from the early Middle Kingdom to the New Kingdom (around 1980/70 - 1410 BC).
The Tell el-Daba archive consists of four parts:
Contains documents with instructions for how to use the archive, as well as documentation material from the creation of the archive. It also includes instructions for datamanagement for future projects on Tell el-Daba.
Contains documents on the archaeological evidence (‘archaeological objects’), arranged according to areas A-I to R-I, and with one folder containing documents on several areas. Documents include protocols and databases, drawings and maps, documentation of surveys, prospection and analysis.
This folder contains documents about the finds (inventory books, find sheets, databases, tables, fotos, drawings, wall paintings, analysis).
This folder contains further documents (digital library, excavation logistics) and photo collections on various topics and photo collections which contain information on both, archaeological objects and finds.
The project focused on data about Neolithic sites and finds from Greece and Anatolia, most resulting from projects of the Aegean Anatolian Prehistoric Phenomena (AAPP) research group (at OREA). The aim of the project was to enable research across the whole region and to overcome the issue of fragmentation of knowledge through differing terminology, chronologies, and typologies whilst complying with standards of data interoperability and data sharing. To achieve this, an online Django-based database was created – the DEFC App. The DEFC collection in ARCHE contains data of the DEFC app (an SQL database dump, 3D models with provenance metadata, CIDOC CRM mappings, maps and chronological tables, the project thesaurus and the bibliography) as well as DEFC project documentation (workflow description and reports).
The SQL database includes data from the following publications (data entry in 2016 and 2017 by M. Brzakovic, Th. Rinner, D. Bochatz, Sh. Schilk):
ALRAM-STERN, E., 2014. Times of Change: Greece and the Aegean during the 4th Millennium BC, in: B. Horejs, M. Mehofer (ed.), Western Anatolia before Troy. Proto-Urbanisation in the 4th Millennium BC. Proceedings of the International Symposium, KHM, Vienna, Austria, 21-24 November 2012 (ÖAW Verlag, Vienna), pp. 305-338.
ALRAM-STERN, E., 1996. Die Ägäische Frühzeit. Band 1: Das Neolithikum in Griechenland. Veröffentlichungen der Mykenischen Kommission 16.
ALRAM-STERN, E., unpublished. Die Ägäische Frühzeit. Band 2: Ägäische Frühzeit: Das Neolithische Und Vorpalatiale Kreta.
GALLIS, K., 1992. Atlas Proistorikón Oikismón Tés Anatolikés Thessalikés Pediada.
MEHOFER, M. 2014. Metallurgy during the Chalcolithic and the Beginning of the Early Bronze Age in Western Anatolia, in: B. Horejs, M. Mehofer (ed.), Western Anatolia before Troy. Proto-Urbanisation in the 4th Millennium BC. Proceedings of the International Symposium, KHM, Vienna, Austria, 21-24 November 2012 (ÖAW Verlag, Vienna), pp. 463-490.
ÖZDOĞAN, M.; BAŞGELEN, N.; KUNIHOLM, P. (ed.), The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Volume 1 - The Tigris Basin, 2011, Istanbul.
ÖZDOĞAN, M.; BAŞGELEN, N.; KUNIHOLM, P. (ed.), The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Volume 2 - The Euphrates Basin, 2011, Istanbul.
ÖZDOĞAN, M.; BAŞGELEN, N.; KUNIHOLM, P. (ed.), The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Volume 3 – Central Turkey, 2012, Istanbul.
ÖZDOĞAN, M.; BAŞGELEN, N.; KUNIHOLM, P. (ed.), The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Volume 4 – Western Turkey, 2012, Istanbul.
SCHACHERMEYR, F. (†), 1991. Sammlung Fritz Schachermeyr: Die neolithische Keramik Thessaliens. Aus dem Nachlass bearbeitet von Eva Alram-Stern. Veröffentlichungen der Mykenischen Kommission 13.
SCHWALL, Ch, 2016. Çukuriçi Höyük 2. Das 5. und 4. Jahrtausend v. Chr. in Westanatolien und der Ostägäis. PhD thesis.
Additionally, 3D models of 90 representative sherds from the Schachermeyr pottery collection were 3D digitised with a Breuckmann smart Scan. The 3D models and their metadata were linked to the database and integrated into the DEFC homepage using 3DHOP (see the publication list).
Creating the DEFC app, the following data standards and tools were used:
Django framework was used to create the database itself, source code available at https://github.com/acdh-oeaw/defc-app
The database has been mapped to the CIDOC CRM, and the SPARQL query was made available on the DEFC app homepage. The mapping, documentation and exported RDFs are available in this collection.
The thesaurus was mapped to SKOS and is available in this collection and at https://vocabs.acdh.oeaw.ac.at/defc_thesaurus
Geolocations of archaeological sites were linked to Geonames (http://www.geonames.org)
Bibliographic units were entered in a Zotero database. The bibliography is available in this collection and at https://www.zotero.org/defc-orea-oeaw
Chronological periods were entered into the PeriodO gazetteer of period definitions (DEFC Collection available at http://n2t.net/ark:/99152/p0qv6m8).
The Digitizing Early Farming Cultures (DEFC) project was a project of the first generation of the Austrian go! digital projects (ACDH 2014/22). It received additional funding from the EU infrastructure project ARIADNE (FP7-INFRASTRUCTURES-2012-1-313193).